Islamic Heritage

With the arrival of Islam in Egypt in 641, a new era of political and cultural importance began—which has continued evolving to this day. Since then, a succession of Muslim dynasties left their mark on Cairo, the chosen seat of power throughout the medieval period, leaving behind stunning, pre-modern Islamic architecture, art, and cultural heritage.

Al-Fustat in Old Cairo

Home to one of Egypt’s oldest Islamic landmarks and treasures, the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As, which was founded in 641

Ibn Tulun Mosque

A magnificent sprawling mosque dating back to 879.

Part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Old Cairo

Al-Muizz Street, is considered the largest open-air museum displaying masterpieces of Islamic architecture.

The ancient alleys and streets of Old Cairo

Including the Khan al-Khalili bazaar, where you will find an explosion of crafts, art, artisans, and unique merchandise.


One of medieval Cairo’s main streets, where you will find beautifully preserved Islamic architecture.

The Citadel of Sultan Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi (Saladin)

One of the most iconic monuments in Islamic Cairo and one of the most impressive defensive fortresses dating back to the Middle Ages.

Muhammad Ali Mosque

Built by Muhammad Ali Pasha inside the Citadel complex. The mosque’s twin 84-meter-high minarets are the tallest minarets in Egypt.